I’m a philosopher, currently working in the Arché Philosophical Research Centre at the University of St Andrews.

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Much of my research is in traditional and social epistemology, particularly where these areas connect with questions about psychology, ethics, law, and politics.

For the past few years I have been looking at the mental states, norms, and goals associated with inquiry in different settings—within individuals, in the courtroom, at the ballot-box, and within academic groups.

Lately, I’ve been researching responsibility, blame, and punishment — particularly the epistemology of responsibility-attributions, and how we hold people responsible differently in different contexts (e.g. legally v socially).

The art above is by Peder Balke, a Norwegian painter.